It is also found in pastures, on athletic fields, golf courses, parks and more. Bermuda grass is a cold tolerant, warm-season grass that will grow as far north as Virginia. In warmer tropical areas, Bermuda grass will remain green all year long. In other areas that drop below 60 degrees F. Growing Bermuda grass is easy as long as you have the right conditions. Note — For those that have not planted Bermuda grass for turf or other practical uses, its presence can be that of a weed and is very hard to get rid of.
The best time to plant Bermuda grass is in the spring once temperatures are consistently warm; this is generally in April or March in warmer regions. Bermuda is not overly picky about soil type and will even tolerate salt spraymaking it a good option for coastal regions. At one point in time, Bermuda was grown only from sod or sprigs but is now widely available in seed form.
Bermudagrass Yearly Maintenance Program
For best results, use 1 pound of hulled Bermuda grass per square feet. This grass sprouts quickly and is very hard to get rid of once it starts growing. Start by raking the area to be seeded until it is as smooth as possible. Make a mixture of equal parts sand and seed. The seed can be broadcast using a spreader or by hand for smaller areas. To avoid skips in the lawn, distribute half the mixture lengthwise and half of the mixture crosswise. Bermuda grass care is not difficult. A light daily watering is all that is necessary while the grass is establishing.
Once the grass is established, the watering frequency can be decreased, but the amount of water per watering session increased. The grass will need one inch per week if there is not significant rainfall. As soon as the grass reaches 2 inches, it can be mowed with a sharp blade. Mowing will help the grass toughen up and spread. Fertilize six weeks after planting with a complete fertilizer that releases nitrogen slowly.
Apply a pre-emergence weed control in the fall. Read more articles about Bermuda Grass. Friend's Email Address. Your Name. Your Email Address. Send Email. Bermuda Grass. Image by Dru Bloomfield.Looking to upgrade your landscaping by switching to Bermuda grass? The seeds determine the quality and variety of grass.
Different types of Bermuda grass varieties generally have a short germination periodowing to the natural removal of the layer of protective coating on the seeds once planted. Hulled seeds typically sprout faster than un-hulled ones. This grass type is beloved by homeowners and lawn-care experts, as it thrives on varied soil types. This variety is also called seeded Bermuda grass.
It spots a light-green hue with a rough texture. Despite having a lower shoot density when compared to hybrid varieties, common Bermuda grass boasts higher nutritional value, making it the most suitable for making forage and hay for livestock. Due to their relatively deeper-rooted and denser growth, these improved varieties are a great alternative for heavily trafficked turfs. They can thrive on lawns, public parks, and even sports turfs.
However, it can be easily differentiated from seeded varieties since it spots a darker color with a softer texture. Golf courses typically call for hardy, fast-healing grass varieties; characteristics that most Bermuda grass varieties bear. Over the years, several Bermuda grass varieties have come to be acknowledged by turf professionals as the go-to option for golf courses.
Blackjack Bermuda grass is one of the most preferred varieties of this grass type. It is known for its dense coverage, making it one of the best grass seeds for areas with frequent foot activity. But why is blackjack Bermuda grass preferred to the other varieties? For starters, it is one of those cultivars that remain dark green and vibrant during the months of summer. This variety of Bermuda grass does well when planted on well-drained soil.
While it is a grass type with great shade toleranceit is best grown in full sunlight. It boasts a lush green hue that makes it visually appealing. With a seeding rate of about pounds per square feet, this Bermuda grass variety is a perfect fit for turf application. Given the appropriate levels of soil temperature, moisture, and nutrients, Yuma Bermuda grass will sprout within days. It starts forming its rhizome system from the sixth to the eighth week after seeding, whereby a thick turf is formed.Bermuda grass Cynodon dactylon establishes readily in many different types of soil and environmental situations in sunny areas in the mild climates of U.
Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 through Introduced to the U. Proper mowing techniques promote a healthy lawn. Mowing height recommendations vary, depending upon the type of Bermuda grass. The first mowing should take place before grass turns green in the spring.
This first mowing removes dead grass blades. Reset your blade to the recommended height for your turf and mow again as soon as the Bermuda grass begins to turn green. It is important to remove no more than one-third of the height of leaf blades during mowing. Frequent mowing promotes a thick turf. Do not mow wet or drought-stressed grass.
Continue mowing until grass stops growing in the fall.
Rotary mowers have blades that rotate quickly around an axis, cutting grass with a machete-type action. Reel mowers have a reel and bedknife, which pinches grass blades and cuts them in scissor fashion. Reel mowers are preferred for low-cut lawns, as reel mowers do not scalp the lawn in areas of uneven ground, unlike rotary-blade mowers.
Keep your mower blades sharp to prevent damage to grass during cutting. Damaged grass blades can become discolored due to nutrient deficiency.
Grass clippings contain plant nutrients, such as nitrogen and minerals. Leave clippings on the lawn to decompose and return nutrients to the soil. When you leave clippings on the lawn, you won't have to fertilize as often, or at all.
The University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service recommends cutting fertilizer by 30 percent when you leave grass clippings on the lawn.
Clippings returned to the lawn supply 1 pound of nitrogen per 1, square feet, along with other plant nutrients. The Texas Agricultural Extension Service recommends no fertilizer for Bermuda grass lawns, unless fall overseeding takes place. For Judy Kilpatrick, gardening is the best mental health therapy of all.
Combining her interests in both of these fields, Kilpatrick is a professional flower grower and a practicing, licensed mental health therapist. A graduate of East Carolina University, Kilpatrick writes for national and regional publications.
Skip to main content. Home Guides Garden Gardening. Home Guides Garden Gardening Reel-type lawn mowers work best for low-cut lawns. Mowing Height Mowing height recommendations vary, depending upon the type of Bermuda grass.
Frequency The first mowing should take place before grass turns green in the spring. Mower Type Rotary mowers have blades that rotate quickly around an axis, cutting grass with a machete-type action. Grass Clippings Grass clippings contain plant nutrients, such as nitrogen and minerals. About the Author For Judy Kilpatrick, gardening is the best mental health therapy of all. Customer Service Newsroom Contacts.Common bermudagrass is drought resistant, grows on many soils, and makes a good turf if fertilized and mowed right.
Common bermudagrass produces many unsightly seedheads, but in spite of this fault, it frequently is used on home lawns due to the ease and economy of establishment.
Common bermuda may be planted from either seed or sprigs and with intensive management will provide a high quality turf. However, the newer hybrid bermudas are generally far superior. In Australia, bermudagrass is known as Couch grass. Bermudagrass is also a major turf species for sports fields, parks, golf courses, and general utility turfs. It is found in over countries throughout the tropical and subtropical areas of the world.
Common Bermudagrass, C. The earliest introductions are not recorded, but Bermudagrass is listed as one of the principal grasses in the Southern States in Mease's Geological Account of the United States published in Prefers full sun, drought resistant, can withstand heavy traffic. Can easily be planted from grass seed although it was once only grown from sod and the new seed varieties are not as fine bladed as the sodded varieties.
One of the South's favorites grass types. Grows in tropical, subtropical and transition zone areas. Found extensively on lawns, golf courses, sporting fields and coast areas. Turns brown with the first drop in temperature. There are more cold tolerant varieties available. In warmer tropical areas, Bermuda retains a beautiful green color year round. This is a very aggressive grass and flower beds or other areas will be quickly overrun if not kept in check. Once established it is very difficult to remove due to its extensive root system.
First mowing of the season: after danger of hard freezes has passed, set your mower to lower than normal to remove as much dead top-growth as possible. Normally in mid-March when the soil temperature is around Bag the clippings for this first mowing. Lawn will turn green when soil temperature warms to Never reduce the height of your lawn by more than one-third when mowing. Removing more than this can cause scalping and may take a long time to recover, during which, the grass is more susceptible to stress and further damage.
Pests: dead spot, mole cricketssod webwormsarmywormsand dollar spot. Aeration: may be aerated any time during the growing season as long as the lawn is not experiencing a drought. Aeration is not recommended after the lawn has gone dormant. Compared with common bermuda, these grasses have more disease resistance, greater turf density, better weed resistance, fewer seedheads, finer and softer texture and a more favorable color.
Growing Bermuda Grass: Learn About The Care Of Bermuda Grass
They also produce no viable seed and must be planted by vegetative means sprigs, sod. The hybrids also require more intensive maintenance for best appearance. Frequent fertilization and close mowing, edging, and dethatching are needed to keep them attractive. Tifway was first developed in the s specifically for golf courses and athletic fields. In fact, Tifway's name comes from a combination of Tifton University of Georgia in Tifton and fairway.
It is also highly recommended for lawns, making Tifway a versatile variety of bermuda grass. Bermuda grass can be overseed to maintain a green appearance throughout the winter months by planting a cool season grass such as annual rye. Annual rye cannot withstand the summer heat and will die as temperatures rise. The same characteristics that make bermuda grass an ideal grass for certain areas, also can create problems when it starts growing in areas where other species are growing.
Bermuda spreads by both stolons and rhizomes.A plow can be used in place of a tiller to break up soil. The weed extermination process of tilling, watering, and applying herbicide can be repeated numerous times to ensure the Bermuda grass has no competition.
A soil test can be performed to analyze the chemical make-up of the soil. Any nutrients the ground may be lacking can then be added to promote the growth of the Bermuda grass. Bermuda grass is a tough, persistent plant that can be used for hay, or more commonly, can serve as lawn grass. It can adapt to most situations and can be grown by simply scattering grass seeds over a patch of dirt. To promote fast, strong growth with minimal weeds, the ground must be properly prepared and made ready to receive the Bermuda grass seed.
This can take between a few weeks and several years to accomplish, depending on the size of the lawn, the amount of weeds, and the natural growth of the grass. Remove all prior vegetation from the area where the Bermuda grass seed will be planted. This can be done by hand or using herbicides and greatly reduces the competition the bermuda grass has for water, nutrients and sunlight.
Use a tiller to cultivate, or break up, the soil. This promotes water and root penetration. Cultivating soil will also awaken the dormant seeds of weeds. Water the plot of land to stimulate the growth of these weeds. It is vital to the growth of the Bermuda grass to eliminate all weeds in the vicinity before planting. The weeds should germinate and begin to grow within weeks.
Spray the newly grown weeds with an herbicide that kills on contact. In most cases, the ground should be tilled and watered once again to ensure that all weed seeds are gone.
All You Need to Know About Bermudagrass
Rake the surface of the ground. Be careful not to go too deep or more weed seeds could be brought to the surface and take root. Wait until the temperature of the soil is between 65 degrees F and 70 degrees F. Hotter soil is usually lower in water content, while colder soil is harder and greatly inhibits the growth of Bermuda grass. Shower the plot of land with Bermuda grass seed. Try to apply an even coat of seeds over the surface area.
Lightly rake the ground to break up the dirt again and mix the seeds in with the soil. Once again, be sure not to rake too deeply. Use a cultipacker to firmly embed the seeds in the soil to ensure they won't be eaten or blown away.
Keep the seeds well irrigated in dry climates. In two to three weeks, Bermuda grass sprouts should begin to appear.Choosing the type of grass for your lawn is a very important decision. But if you went for Bermuda grass, you surely made a good one. This type of grass is aesthetically perfect for many houses. Above all, it is with a good fertilizer that you can pull the best of it.
With this list, you can determine the best option if you want sensational Bermuda grass all year round. This formula is already mixed in a very balanced way. Secondly, the manufacturers took care of mixing it in the proper and balanced proportion to assure that your lawn obtains all the nutrients in the fastest and safest way.
The results show you it is! Its method of application also makes it very effective. When you apply it in spray, the product is distributed evenly all around the lawn in tiny liquid particles that are already dissolved.
Put the dry mix into a container and add water. You can mix it in proportion when used as a primary fertilizer or proportion when used as a compliment. It covers one or two full acres. Add it to a hose-end sprayer and distribute it. While it is providing nutrients, it simultaneously kills dandelions and other invasive weeds as well as prevents the appearance of crabgrass.
As a result, your lawn can look green, healthy, and completely clean. Just open the bag and spread it throughout your lawn. To get better results, wet the lawn to improve its capacity to absorb all the nutrients, and then add the fertilizer.
You can use it up to 4 times a year. The fertilizer is offered in homogeneous granules that dissolve easily with the first rain or watery. Moreover,it provides highly digestible carbon, which nurtures the soils. It is complemented with an organic extended nitrogen release source that makes the slow release to assure the maximum absorption. What you should do is efficiently distribute the organic fertilizer you have purchased, in this case, The Andersons Innova bermuda Organic Fertilizer.
What you can do is usea conventional application equipment. With this fertilizer, you also get protected against common bugs such as army worms, crickets, bugs, grasshoppers, mealybugs, spiders, weevils, ants, chiggers, and sod web worms. In spite of it, it remains pet-friendly. Just use a regular fertilizer applicator and make sure you water the lawn on a daily basis after you spread the fertilizer.
You can also see the best fertilizer for Saint Augustine grass reviews from our website. You can achieve this in one step, you must spread the fertilizer evenly in each of the desired areas.Bermudagrass Cynodon species is an important turfgrass used throughout the southern regions of the United States and into the transition zones where both cool-season and warm-season grasses are adapted.
It is known by several common names, including wiregrass and devilgrass. The improved turf-type bermudagrass will produce a vigorous, dense, fine bladed turf that is acceptable for sports fields, commercial properties, and high maintenance lawns. Bermudagrass is a thin bladed, sod forming, warm-season turfgrass adapted to the warmer regions of the southeast United States. Producing a yearly maintenance calendar for managing turfgrass consistently year after year can be difficult in a state with such a diverse climate as South Carolina.
Important times to monitor the weather are late winter or early spring when the turf is coming out of dormancy and early fall when first frosts are forecasted. Last frost dates and first frost dates can vary by several weeks to a month from coastal areas of South Carolina to the foothills of the Upstate. Mowing: Mow the lawn slightly lower than the regular summer mowing height.
The mower setting should be around 1 inch high. Be careful not to set the mower too low, as it may scalp the lawn. This should be done just before the time of lawn green-up, which usually occurs during late April or early May. If possible, use a mower with a bagger to collect the clippings and remove any dead material left from winter dormancy. Alternatively, the lawn can be hand raked to remove the excessive dead leaf material from the lawn surface.
A sharp mower blade will cleanly cut the grass blades as opposed to tearing the leaves. Dull mower blades rip rather than cut the grass blades. The resulting ragged ends on the blades make the grass more susceptible to diseases. Sharpen the mower blade annually or as needed during the growing season. The date of initial turf greenup can be quite variable. In the coastal and more Southern regions of South Carolina, this generally will occur sometime during April, but further inland, this may be as late as mid-May.
It is not unusual for bermudagrass to green up and get burnt back several times during the late winter or early spring due to late season frosts.
Because of possible injury to the lawn and the potential fire hazard, do not burn off bermudagrass to remove excessive debris. Thatch Removal: If a thatch layer becomes a problem, use a dethatcher or vertical mower to remove it. Do not use a power rake with a 1-inch blade spacing, as severe turf injury may result. Use a lawn mower with a bag attached or hand rake to collect and properly dispose of the turf material pulled up.
Aerification: Core aeration is the process of punching small holes in the turf and into the soil to alleviate compaction, thus allowing air to get to the root system. This will help to correct problems associated with poor infiltration and drainage. Once the threat for frost has passed, lawn aerification may be combined with dethatching to alleviate any soil compaction problems.
However, if a pre-emergent herbicide was applied late February to mid-March, postpone any cultivation practices that will disturb the soil until just before the next pre-emergent herbicide application date.
Pre-emergent herbicides create a barrier that keeps weed seeds from germinating. Disturbing the soil after an application will allow weeds to emerge through this barrier.
Weed Control: To control crabgrass, goosegrass, sandspurs, and other summer annual weeds, apply a pre-emergent herbicide early in the year.